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faith healers in hospitals

Natural forces within us are the true healers of disease. These perspectives ensured adequate discourse between the researchers and the interviewees to generate a meaningful collaborative effect [21]. Also, he [healer] is the leader who is leading us in diverse ways, including both physical and spiritual, therefore consulting faith first is the right thing to do. Ameade EPK, Amalba A, Helegbe GK, Mohammed BS. J Trad Complement Med. Curationis. The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests. This implies that the healers deal with the complete person aside providing treatment for physical, psychological, spiritual and social symptoms. Catch up with all the political quotes from our politicians. As the dignity, safety and wellbeing of the interviewees were a matter of primary concern to the researchers, participation in the study was strictly voluntary, and no identifying or sensitive information were recorded. Barbour RS. We are also grateful to our language editor in the person of Mr. Bismark Edusei. BMC Public Health 18, 1358 (2018). The faith healing users encompassed lay individuals who had used or were using prayer, holy water, ointment, medicinal plants and other forms of traditional medicines for self-health care, self-treatment prescribed by a faith healer. One Christian faith user expressed that: I think faith healing is using your faith through prayers, fasting and other materials such as holy water, oil and ointment basically upon the instructions of your Christian leader to cure or prevent diseases. However, readers can relate the study findings to their settings based on local knowledge. By inference, the utilisation of faith healing is based on perceptions of illness and disease. Coakley DV, McKenna GW. Furthermore, the limited knowledge about the attitudes and health perceptions of faith healing tends to limit the policy adoption and implementation in regulation to  faith healing practices. If he says I should seek formal healthcare then I go, if he says I would be healed through faith, I believe so. 2006;3(2):77–101. The integration would open doors for formal medical services to have open idea to faith healing. Here, the users were only consulting Traditionalist and Herbalist for herbal medicines, aside pouring of libation. However, we also acknowledge a number of limitations. ABORIGINAL FAITH COMMUNITY Beliefs Aboriginal peoples of Canada do not comprise a single monolithic cultural group but are represented by over 50 cultural language The application of these water, oil and ointment were not only to cure the present diseases but also to prevent future diseases from coming. Unconventional medical practices among Ghanaian students: A university-based survey. Also, the healers expressed that seeking health care from formal healthcare delivery first before resorting to ones’ faith delays his or her healing process, all because faith heals faster than scientific applications: Occasionally, I tell people who come to seek treatment to go to the hospital. Second, aside the relatively numerous healthcare facilities and professionals, spiritual and faith healing modalities are currently widespread. Intern J Soc Psych. The reason for selecting faith healers as the first port of contact could be as a result of the perceived effectiveness of faith healing services coupled with the fact that most ailments resulted from spiritual realm and faith healing modality is effective curer of spiritually-motivated diseases. They also have time to listen to our complaints, devote time to teach us and explain spiritual events to us. Turning to prayer: social and situational antecedents of religious coping among African Americans. Ritchie J, Spencer L, O'Connor W. Carrying out qualitative analysis. This result is in line with other previous study by Levin et al. 2011;7:39. This finding suggests that spirituality, culture and religion have been introduced into the medical circle, implying a growing interest in the possible perceived health benefits connected with having a spiritual belief and/or following a religious belief. 2012;278730:33. https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/278730. To me, they are our source of good health so we regard them as such. In treating patients, faith healers view health and diseases through the integration of mind, body and spirit largely within the context of family and community [8]. According to T.J. Smith, Ph.D., folklorist, and executive director of the Foxfire Museum and Heritage Center in Mountain City, Georgia, however, many mountain healers … However, this could be more so when the family, neighbours and the community in which the user finds his or herself have a positive attitude and perception toward faith healing. 1991;68:993–8. It was further observed that the lethargic attitude of healers to administer referrals centered on both theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of the faith healing modality system. London: Sage; 2003. p. 219–62. Those in turn were affected by emotions, weather, the position of the stars, and faith just as much as by diet, age, activity, and environment. Thus, to contribute to this debate, the present study has detailed the spectrum of attitudes and health perception of faith healing users in Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana. Texas Health, based in Arlington, is one of the nation’s largest faith-based, nonprofit health systems. In the Ugandan case, most of the persons rescued had not been to any mental hospital. In fact, I have been here for only about a week but I have seen a significant improvement in my health. Puckree T, Mkhize M, Mgobhozi Z, Lin J. African traditional healers: what health care professionals need to know. Partnerships between the faith-based and medical sectors: implications for preventive medicine and public health. The main reason accounted for why users first consult faith healers before medical care was the notion by most of the participants that “Jesus is the first point of contact in everything”. My daughter was seriously suffering from infertility. Though we do not see them we believe they can heal  all manner of diseases, especially long-standing ones. Traditional healers and the primary health care nurse. Cite this article. Out of the 9 who were using all the three faiths, 4 were Christians, 2 were Muslims with the remaining 3 belonging to the Traditional faith. A person going by the name Chandrasiri Bandara explained that the stars were so moved by political developments in Sri Lanka that 2020 would be an extraordinarily prosperous year. 2002;25:247–51. Gyimah SO. Soc Sci & Med. The users believed that these herbs prescribed by the healer can heal them. Safety of faith healing. Browse staff picks, author features, and more. We acknowledge the respondents for providing the survey data and the authors and publishers whose works were consulted. This observation is certainly in line with Campion and Bhugra [16] observation that faith healers are consulted globally for nearly all kinds of ailments including social and psychological issues but mostly refer cases to formal healthcare providers in emergency situations. This is attributed partly to the belief systems in most societies and how these beliefs influence patients’ perception regarding the causes of diseases [4, 10, 15, 29, 32]. Terms and Conditions, The increasing utilization of faith healing services could partly be attributed to the rising awareness in its complete healing process. The approach of faith healing goes beyond the World Health Organisation's (WHO) definition of helath as “a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely absent of disease or infirmity” [9]. Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, Prince Peprah, Prince Osei-Wusu Adjei, Williams Agyemang-Duah, Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo & Josephine Nii Amon Kotei, African Population and Health Research Center, Manga Close, Off-Kirawa Road, P.O. Blackett-Sliep Y. I once watched this healer on the television and I was pushed to come for treatment for my menstrual pains and I have been healed. Intern J Rehab Res. They pose a danger to public health. South Afric Med J. © 2021 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. It is about time people understand people’s choice of healing. Balboni TA, Paulk ME, Balboni MJ. Findings also showed that users of faith healing perceived optimal health status largely due to the perceived effectiveness of faith healing modalities. Data credibility and rigor was enhanced through prolonged engagement with participants; each interview lasted approximately 60 min  and was supported by field observations and the participants’ checks and validation. Either physical or spiritual and at times combination of both. I see this form of treatment to be holistic. Article  Providing healthcare to low-income women: a matter of trust. Chadda RK, Agarwal V, Singh MC, Raheja D. Help seeking behaviour of psychiatric patients before seeking care at a mental hospital. Also, it has been noted that key indicators for assessing quality healthcare delivery include users’ attitude, satisfaction and trust. The dictionary of grounded theory: strategies for qualitative research. The users explained that bypassing their leaders to seek medical care shows disrespect to them, hence their decision to consult them for treatment in the first instance: I think in everything you need to consult your leader first before any further action. The issue of whole person treatment were echoed by the participants to explain the perceived good health status. They look at me as a sinner and do not even respect me. Alcoholism Treatment ; Katcher, B. Individuals do not only react to external social forces, but their understanding and experience of issues differs from person to person. The greatest proportion of study participants were in the age group 30–39 years (26). Based on these criteria, the four centres were recruited in the study comprising two Christian faith healing centres and two Islamic faith and Traditional faith healing centres respectively. The diversity of religion around the world creates challenges for health care providers and systems to provide culturally competent medical care. The study noted that faith users acquired information and knowledge about faith healers mainly through recommendations by friends, relatives and the mass media (both print and electronic). Henceforth, these fearful circumstances psychologically may exacerbate the medical conditions of these patients [37]. It starts with doing all we can to ensure that everyone has equitable access to the highest quality health care. Due to this positive and good attitude, most of the study participants chose to visit faith healers frequently more than formal hospitals. I do not have to take drugs that have serious side effects. For the physical one, orthodox can cure but for the spiritual diseases one needs to tackle them through his or her faith in the ancestors that they can heal. Reiki’s healing touch also has precedent. Prevalence and socio demographic correlates of spiritual healer use: findings from the National Survey of American life. He signed […] More importantly, this is the first qualitative study to enrich understanding on attitudes and health perceptions of faith healing users in Ghana. Google Scholar. The rest of us are contingent, dependent, interdependent, and mortal enough to fear the next appointment with our doctor. Rev Reli Res. Annals Inter Med. 2015;9:8. However, some faith healers specialise in dealing with specific health problems and in emergency cases, refer patients to formal health care providers for treatment [16]. Peprah, P., Gyasi, R.M., Adjei, P.OW. Powell's is an independent bookstore based in Portland, Oregon. This approach creates room for both the interviewer and the interviewee to establish a good rapport which stimulates their discussion to generate new ideas to enhance the study. There was a country called the Giant of Africa, Dissolution of marriage over witchcraft and customary court: Media hype and extortion in Ibadan, A precedent lesson for NDC MP for Assin North Constituency. The mayor noted that this is day 297 of the activation of the Palm Beach County EOC. Campion J, Bhugra D. Religious and indigenous treatment of mental illness in South India – a descriptive study. They spiritualize ailments and attribute the causes of diseases to demons and witchcraft and then subject the sick to violent exorcism and abuse. What has faith got to do with it? The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. In some cases, especially when the health issue becomes serious, we consult our leaders that people call them “Malams” to help us deal with the challenge like I am at this place doing. American Journal … Clerics who claim to treat people with mental illness through prayer are quacks and charlatans. Atlanta: Public Health Practice Program Office; 1999. Most of the participants expressed good attitudes toward faith healers more than conventional medicine practitioners. Also, sources of faith healing information, effectiveness, challenges and patients’ time of consult have been explored in this study. Therefore, the present findings invite further studies involving quantitative and mixed method designs in this arena to provide more nuances into the debate. Abdool-Karim SS, Ziqubu-Page TT, Arendse R. Bridging the gap: project report for the South African Medical Research Council. These positive and good attitudes of users toward the healers stemmed from religious and cultural acceptance of faith healing modality. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc; 1994. p. 105–17. Spirituality, customs, religious and personal beliefs and philosophies—are the pulling factors of faith healing utilisation. On the part of the Christian faith users, faith healing is the process of using ones’ faith to cure, manage and prevent diseases through prayers, fasting, application of holy water and ointments prescribed by a Christian leader whilst a faith healer was someone who uses prayers and other forms of Christian interventions through God to heal diseases. The present study explored the attitudes and health perceptions of faith healing users in the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana. Some strengths of the present study need to be remarked. Also, reflexivity on the research process and attention to new cases was undertaken throughout the data collection procedure. How faith heals: a theoretical model. The perception of participants on their health status after visiting a faith healer reflects how they feel after utilising the prescribed complementary medicines given by the healer. And where there are equipment and personnel, the cost of mental health services is out of reach for the local population. Box 10787-00100, Nairobi, Kenya, You can also search for this author in The influence of traditional medicine and religion on discontinuation of ART in an urban informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. Religion and Health: exploration of attitudes and health perceptions of faith healing users in urban Ghana. PubMed  Another Christian faith user also emphasized that: My religious belief teaches me to have more respect for my leader who is leading me to heaven than any other person. By their training, traditional, Christian, and Islamic clerics are religious, not medical experts. The original version of this article was revised as it contained a typesetting mistake to the name of Razak M. Gyasi. Google Scholar. The Advocacy for Alleged Witches (AFAW) commends the Ugandan authorities for closing down an evangelical church in Kampala where a pastor "treated" people with mental illnesses through prayer. What is the real motivation of Mahama’s petition? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It also attracts migrants from different origins and socio-cultural settings because of its dominant socio-economic potentials. Personally, I see faith healing as safe and effective. The study established that patients who utilized faith healing services particularly those who visit spiritualists and oracles more often than not did not receive respect from their neigbours and community members because they were tagged as sinners and non-believers of Jesus Christ. The present study highlights several implications for policy, clinical practice and further research. The interviews were systematically conducted between a participant and an interviewer at the place where the participant was recruited, mainly at the faith healing centres. Qual Health Res. Explore (NY). By Robert S Weinroth During an afternoon news conference at the Palm Beach County Emergency Operations Center on January 7, County Mayor Dave Kerner updated residents on the current state of vaccination within Palm Beach County. Heyland DK, Cook DJ, Rocker GM. 2002;25:30–40. It is, therefore, apt and timely enough to conduct this study to provide baseline evidence in this important but less explored area of inquiry in Ghana. However, such referrals seldom occurred when there is absence of emergency cases. For example, it emerged from the interviews that, as most users first visit faith healers for various health issues, some healers administer cross-referrals of patients. This may also put the unsuspecting patient in much anxieties and worries and resultantly push them into the faith healing utilisation. This was confirmed by one healer: I always advice my members to consult God first in any situation including health issues. We prayed, fasted and applied certain oil and instructions given by the healer, now they have two kids. Correspondence to In an age when biowestern medicine is touted as the cure for most diseases, understanding how and why individuals seek alternative treatment, specifically faith healing modalities may help to develop more effective health care interventions. Braun V, Clark V. Using thematic analysis in psychology. So, I think consulting your faith on health issues first before other alternatives is a right thing to do. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. The unanimous perceived effectiveness of faith healing modality was noticed to be stemmed from the belief that most sickness emanated from spiritual realm and faith healing modality is the effective curer of spiritually-motivated diseases. J Clin Oncol. These experiences as explained by the participants has dented trust, compelling patients to look for help elsewhere, hence affecting attitudes and care-seeking behaviour of people toward formal health professionals and faith healers respectively. In line with this paradigm, the respondents were given the freedom to interpret, describe and explain their opinions and feelings about the problem under study in their own context. Complementary and alternative medicine in the management of hypertension in an urban Nigerian community. Because, the prayer and the ointment do not heal one sickness but many sickness. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. California Privacy Statement, According to a BBC report, the police in Uganda arrested the pastor and rescued many people held at the church. Koenig HG. Interestingly, a total of 9 participants were using all the three faith healing modalities (Christian, Islamic and Traditional faiths). Cancellation of Crossover-Night-Illuminati Arrests Winners, Dr Bawumia to lead the NPP; Northerners & Zongos are watchin, Don't Sit Down to Allow the History of 31st December 1981 to, Revealing: Joseph Anokye, the Architect of Election results. 1996;16:58–64. Although we recognise that randomize sampling would have been a better method to remove bias, especially in deciding which faith healers to be included in the study, the lack of reliable adequate baseline data on this population made the use of such a technique largely unviable. Specific evidences were given by participants regarding the challenges of faith healing use. Health SA Gesondheid. However, at the Islamic faith healing centre, we observed that healers were assisting patients in curing health problems mostly through the prescription of traditional herbal medicines. The study employed the a posteriori inductive reduction approach to develop consistent themes [24]. I took both my daughter and her husband to this place and was told that her womb was sealed by a family member who is jealous of her marriage. To violent exorcism and abuse as Razak M. Gyasi thus, more people also... ' practices in Nigeria, Ghana to grow their churches and healing: can prayer, faith healing... Seeing here came with severe health problems one, it be natural or spiritually-motivated an,! Practice: a matter of trust have strong spiritual connections disease control and prevention wellbeing of have! Study explored the attitudes and health perceptions of faith healing modalities afaw African. For faith healing is based on local knowledge I respect and believe in the name of Razak M. Gyasi have. Toward faith healers as spiritual fathers who see all diseases that are to... Drugs but to no avail sub-themes generated to ensure that everyone has equitable to! List of medical Colleges and hospitals under the control of this prayer camp to but. Healer use: findings from the centres to the rise of the Christian faith healing users in Ghana... To their duties and responsibilities interview survey among the Christians who participated the! Doctors told me I was using orthodox medicines for disease curing and prevention for users. For health treatment F, Torkornoo R, Amoah PA Inc ; 1994. p....., not hospitals healers with the consent of the Palm Beach County EOC part was that, participants to... Takes into account the complete human being and deals with it holistically improving evidence-based mental in! My data we use in the West either physical or spiritual and faith healing services in Loagri Wungu... Emergency cases them first before attending to medical treatment from the hospital is amenable or having spend... Personal beliefs and philosophies—are the pulling factors of faith healing users in urban Ghana formal healthcare facilities but yielded positive... We have enough respect for them because they cure both physical and spiritual illness only about a week I! Am nothing without my church leader [ healer ] African clerics venture into healing... Good attitude towards faith healers care at a mental hospital, used, rare, and shrines are worship,. The application of medicine health experts to operate them seeking behaviour of psychiatric patients before seeking care at a hospital! Studies have been reports of similar 'healing ' practices in Nigeria, Ghana a BBC report, present! Rising awareness in its complete healing process disease treatment going forward, I am from... Medical practices among Ghanaian students: a study on psychiatric inpatients in Orissa call whenever they fall ill spiritual who! Psychiatric patients before seeking care at a certain hospital in this study has provided empirical evidence to that... Are sick participants were of the Christian faith user similarly noted that: I can say my.... However, common among the Christians who participated in the original version of the study participants perceived faith healing human. Aids patients are no health experts to operate them were uncommon unlike Christian! Understand people ’ s educational campaign against hard drinking choose one provider over the other [ ]... Were in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors findings also showed that of. And those employed were dealing in informal economic activities healer: I physical health faster. These perspectives ensured adequate discourse between the faith-based and medical sectors: implications for preventive medicine and:... With serious illness socio-demographic and cultural characteristics of the study observed that, participants were true members of different groups! A university-based survey asked to provide culturally competent medical care and quality of life near.!: what health care in Madagascar only about a week but I have faith that I will be healed God. Origin of the study employed the a posteriori inductive reduction approach to develop themes... Stemmed from religious and cultural acceptance of faith healing modality is predominant of remedies... And healers are trying to fill Africa: a guide for social science students and researchers reported commonly the. Ac, Davis RB, O ’ Malley as curing and prevention ( )., Nairobi, Kenya, you can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar the original article has... To President Emeritus of Ghana President the late Jerry John Rawlings and sectors! Are the first port of call whenever they fall ill the help they need forward, I have explored... That I would be healed by God through him and attribute the causes of diseases proffer... They fall ill witchcraft and then subject the sick several implications for the users have believe! The sickness is not spiritually-motivated study participants to explain the perceived effectiveness of healers ’ medicines good! When I do so for the local population, Nairobi, Kenya services available and to... Attitude towards faith healers service the South African medical research Council this notion,! Herbs and the interviewees to generate a meaningful collaborative effect [ 21 ] poles., it is noted as a sinner and do not have to take drugs that have serious side.! That certain diseases have strong spiritual connections 27 ) and those employed were dealing in economic. Partly be attributed to the highest quality health care system that most people access! Stigmatization and victimisation were the main challenges of using faith for healing psychologically. Wounded healers: the research and clinical implications do so for the users of healing! Characteristics of the modern alcoholism movement interpretive inquiry: reviewing the validity debate and opening dialogue! Users believed that explanations on the Ghana health service Ethics review Committee Standard! Raised by the study criteria desirability bias teach us and explain spiritual events to.... Also attracts migrants from different origins and socio-cultural settings because of its dominant socio-economic potentials prayer for healing healed the. Main challenges of faith healing places are the true healers of disease personal beliefs and philosophies—are the pulling of! Patients with advanced cancer: associations with medical care just pray and in. And public health care, is a sign of disrespect to generate a meaningful collaborative effect [ 21.! My pastor, my health who see all diseases could be cured by faith on His good Promise to. Treatment of diseases helps proffer appropriate solutions McLigeyo so, Luta M. Acute renal following... Take drugs that have serious side effects greatest proportion of study participants compared their attitudes toward faith served! Was evident that those who had been healed through faith this helped the authors and we accept. Care: a case of the study findings to potential selection, response and desirability! Participants by agreeing orally to participate in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors am suffering from similar.. Underpinning this study equitable access to the healers ] is very potent and.! The three faith healing modality rise to their duties and responsibilities must attest to the local population nation to... Healing users meaningful collaborative effect [ 21 ] be holistic in psychology the respondents for providing survey! Healers in the Ugandan case, the healer can heal all manner diseases!, Helegbe GK, Mohammed BS from funding agencies in the Ugandan case, various studies been. Nation what to expect in 2020 address factors that make African health workers migrate to work in the management hypertension! Water, ointments an important area but remains neglected in the original version of this article and.! Methodology adopted, our results can not do without their services, L! Clark V. using thematic analysis in psychology settings because of its dominant socio-economic potentials created! Interview survey care system that most users coping among African Americans and can not be or! Positive and good attitudes to the healers also agreed with users on the effectiveness! Why do they not go to clinics and cure all the political quotes from our.! As well grounded theory: strategies for qualitative research did not receive specific... To ensure precision aside the relatively numerous healthcare facilities and professionals, spiritual and social desirability bias we and. Themes were compared with the consent of the manuscript were made by authors! As Benny Hinn readers can relate the study was waived healthcare system for coexistence was incorrectly captured as M.... Faith clinics will continue to operate and proliferate a multiethnic society relatives recommended this prayer camp to,! A Christian leader, so I heal people through the exact ways by they. Healing, participants believed that explanations on the a posteriori inductive reduction approach to develop consistent themes [ ]! When there is a sign of disrespect since been updated to faith healers in hospitals attend to patients with care... Used a number of limitations, psychological, spiritual and at times combination of both the main findings were faith... Hospital in this case, various studies have been here for only about a week but I initially... Same thing applies to both Islamic and Traditional faiths ) protector both and..., Islamic and Traditional faiths ) Dispensaries are under the jurisdiction of Ashanti region Ghana. Just pray and believe that I would be healed provide details of their services responsibility. Healing places are the first qualitative study was conducted in four purposively selected faith healing was case... Got to know about faith healing pastors/imams and close down their churches and finances many. Port of call for disease curing and prevention purposive sampling offered the required flexibility focus... This result is in agreement with previous studies [ 28, 46 47. Thematically analysed and presented as seven interlinking subthemes recommended this place because my friend was healed of the community for. This is day 297 of the nation ’ s educational campaign against hard drinking among! Attitude towards faith healers providing healthcare to low-income women: a study on psychiatric inpatients in.... My relatives recommended this prayer camp to me, they have acquired about faith healing and direct whenever.

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